Brown bear

Distribution and habitat

Brown bear at Brooks Falls.

The most widely distributed ursid (McLellan et al. 2008), the brown bear has a global distribution, with populations in North America, Europe, northern Asia, and Japan (Grzimek et al. 2004). It occupies about 5 million square kilometers of North America, 800,000 square kilometers of Europe (excluding Russia), and much of northern Asia (McLellan et al. 2008).

There are about 200,000 brown bears in the world. The largest populations are in Russia, with 120,000, the United States with 32,500, and Canada with 21,750. Ninety-five percent of the brown bear population in the United States is in Alaska, though in the western United States they are repopulating slowly but steadily along the Rockies and plains. In Europe, there are 14,000 brown bears in ten separate fragmented populations, from Spain in the west, to Russia in the east, and from Scandinavia in the north to Romania, Bulgaria, and Greece (with about 200 animals) in the south. They are extinct in the British Isles, extremely threatened in France and Spain, and in trouble over most of Central Europe. The brown bear is Finland’s national animal. The Carpathian brown bear population is the largest in Europe outside Russia, estimated at 4,500 to 5,000 bears.

Brown bears were once native to the Atlas Mountains in Africa, and may have existed as late as the mid-1800s in Algeria and Morocco and as late as 1500s in the Sinai of Egypt, but are not extinct in these areas (McLellan et al. 2008). They also were once in Mexico, but were extirpated there and in a large portion of the southwestern United States during the twentieth century (McLellan et al. 2008). Although many hold on to the belief that some brown bears still may be present in Mexico and the Atlas Mountains of Morocco, both are almost certainly extinct. The last known Mexican brown bear was shot in 1960. Very small numbers remain in Iraq and Nepal, but they have apparently been eliminated from Syria and possibly Bhutan (McLellan et al. 2008).

Brown bears live in Alaska, east through the Yukon and Northwest Territories, south through British Columbia and through the western half of Alberta. Small populations exist in the Greater Yellowstone ecosystem of northwest Wyoming (with about 600 animals), the Northern Continental Divide ecosystem of northwest Montana (with about 400-500 animals), the Cabinet-Yaak ecosystem of northwest Montana and northeast Idaho (with about 30-40 animals), the Selkirk ecosystem of northeast Washington and northwest Idaho (with about 40-50 animals), and the North Cascades ecosystem of north-central Washington (with about 5-10 animals). These five ecosystems combine for a total of roughly 1,200 wild grizzlies still persisting in the contiguous United States. Unfortunately, these populations are isolated from each other, inhibiting any genetic flow to occur between ecosystems. This poses one of the greatest threats to the future survival of the grizzly bear in the contiguous United States.

The population of brown bears in the Pyrenees mountain range between France and Spain is so low, estimated at fourteen to eighteen with a shortage of females, that bears, mostly female, from Slovenia were released in the spring of 2006 to alleviate the imbalance and preserve the species’ presence in the area, despite protests from French farmers.

In Arctic areas, the potential habitat of the brown bear is increasing. The seeming warming of that region has allowed the species to move farther and farther north into what was once exclusively the domain of the polar bear. In non-Arctic areas, habitat loss is blamed as the leading cause of endangerment, followed by hunting.

North American brown bears seem to prefer open landscapes, whereas in Eurasia they inhabit mostly dense forests. It is thought that the Eurasian bears that colonized America were tundra adapted, something indicated by brown bears in the Chukotka Peninsula on the Asian side of Bering Strait, which are the only Asian brown bears to live year-round in lowland tundra like their American cousins (RHA 2007).

Hard-Coded Rewards

Quest Number Reward
Every 3 1 Jelly Bean
5 3 Field Dice
10 5 Micro-Converters
15 5 Field Dice
20 25
25 1
30 5 Micro-Converters
35 1 Oil
40 50 Bitterberries
45 1 Enzyme
50 1
55 1 Magic Bean
60 50 Bitterberries
65 5 Field Dice
70 5 Micro-Converters
75 1 Diamond Egg
80 10 Micro-Converters
85 1 Tropical Drink
90 1
95 100 Gumdrops
100 1
105 1 Oil
111 5 Box-O-Frogs
115 1 Enzyme
120 1 Magic Bean
125 1
130 1 Enzyme
135 50 Bitterberries
140 1 Glue
145 5 Field Dice
150 100 Tickets
155 5 Micro-Converters
160 3 Oil
165 1 Enzyme
170 5 Micro-Converters
175 100 Gumdrops
180 50 Bitterberries
185 1 Oil
190 1 Magic Bean
195 1 Star Jelly
200 1 Mythic Egg
205 5 Field Dice
210 50 Bitterberries
215 5 Micro-Converters
220 1 Magic Bean
225 1 Atomic Treat
230 3 Enzymes
235 1 Glue
240 100 Gumdrops
245 50 Bitterberries
250 250 Tickets
255 3 Oil
260 1 Enzyme
265 5 Field Dice
270 5 Micro-Converters
275 1 Gifted Gold Egg
280 1 Magic Bean
285 3 Oil
290 100 Gumdrops
295 50 Bitterberries
300 Brown Cub Buddy Skin
305 3 Enzymes
350 250 Tickets
750 1
Every 500 starting from 750 1 Star Treat

Brown Bear Habitat

Brown bears favor open habitats with some vegetation.

The brown bear is found in a wide variety of habitats, including dry steppes (grasslands), open shrublands and many different types of forest (including rainforests).

Brown bears are similarly unselective about the altitude at which they live. They are found from sea level through to mountainous areas with elevations up to 5,500 m (18,000 ft.).

Typical brown bear habitat is open, un-forested country with patches of vegetation.

In North America, the brown bear shares much of its range with the American black bear. In the northernmost part of its range overlaps with that of the polar bear.

In Asia, the brown bear shares parts of its range with the Asian black bear.

The chance of confrontations between brown bears and both Asian and American black bears is diminished due to the brown bear’s preference for more open habitats, together with its more nocturnal lifestyle.

The brown bear is found in many forest habitats.

Brown Bear Missions

Mission Objectives Gm$ Hints
The Comeback Kid
  • ID tracks from a Brown Bear.
  • ID tracks from another Brown Bear in the same outing.
  • ID tracks from another Brown Bear in the same outing.
Head Count
  • Spot a Brown Bear.
  • Spot another Brown Bear.
  • Spot another Brown Bear.
Southpaw 300
Heavy Hitter 400
  • Harvest a Brown Bear using a 12 GA Pump Action Shotgun loaded with slugs.
  • Harvest a Brown Bear using a 12 GA Pump Action Shotgun loaded with slugs during the same hunt.
Bad News Bears
  • Harvest a Brown Bear.
  • Harvest another Brown Bear in the same hunt.
  • Harvest another Brown Bear in the same hunt.
Far-fetched 1000
Biologist Schmiologist
  • Harvest a Brown Bear from a Ground Blind.
  • Harvest another Brown Bear using a Ground Blind.
This All Sounds Awfully Familiar 1800
We Woke Up The Mama 3600
  • From Koppartorp Lodge walk towards the graveyard south-east.
  • Crouch when coming close, and look for a track in the middle of the ancient rocks.
  • Follow the tracks and spot ahead. Goldilocks won’t be far.
  • She will not necessarily be a Gold variant of the brown bear species, so don’t just look out for a golden bear.


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Brown Bear is an infinite quest giver. His quests scale up in difficulty the more the player completes, with the reward also getting bigger the more difficult it gets. The fields required for a quest are only chosen from the fields the player has access to, with the exception of the Ant Field. Each quest always rewards a ticket, royal jelly, and increasing amounts of honey depending on the difficulty of the current quest. Certain thresholds may reward other items as well.

There are 5 different types of quests: 

  • Quests that require 1 random field (ex. Brown Bear: Solo Coco)
  • Quests that require 2 random fields (ex. Brown Bear: Dande, Bamb)
  • Quests that require colored pollen and 1 random Field (ex. Brown Bear: White, Cact)
  • Quests that require colored pollen and 2 random Fields (ex. Brown Bear: Blue, Pep, Mount)
  • Quests that require 4 random fields (ex. Brown Bear: Sun, Ros, Spid, Pump)

Scaling (<1000 quests)

Let x equal the minimum amount of pollen for the quest
Let y equal the maximum amount of pollen for the quest

Amount of pollen required for a quest =

$ \{x ~ + ~ \{\{y ~ — ~ x\} ~ \times ~ \{{\frac{numberofquestscompleted}{1000}}\}^4\}\} $

Scaling (1000+ quests)

Behavior of the Brown Bear

Depending on the region and potential for human interaction, these bears are either nocturnal or crepuscular. Crepuscular bears are most active early in the morning and late in the evening. They will retreat to a secure den during the winter months, but do not fully hibernate.

Waking a “hibernating” bear is much easier than other animals that truly hibernate. Most hibernation occurs alone, as these bears are usually solitary. They have large ranges, but are not particularly territorial. Adult males are more aggressive, and though ranges sometimes overlap, bears usually avoid one another.

Meet The Brown Bear: Introduction

With its large, powerful build, shaggy brown fur and long claws, the brown bear is one of the world’s most famous – and most fearsome – animals.

The brown bear is one of the eight living species of bear. Along with the polar bear, it is the joint largest terrestrial (land-dwelling) member of the order Carnivora. (The largest carnivoran is the southern elephant seal.)

  • Want to know more about terms such as ‘species’, ‘subspecies’ and ‘order’? Check out our article on Animal Classification.
  • Find out more about Carnivora and other Types Of Mammals

The brown bear is found in North America, Europe and Asia. At least 16 subspecies (types) are currently recognized. These include the Kodiak bear (the largest subspecies), the grizzly bear (perhaps the ‘most famous’ type of brown bear) and the Eurasian brown bear (the commonest type brown bear).

Interesting Facts About the Brown Bear

It’s no secret that these bears can be dangerous. However, we should respect them as well as fear them. Understanding these animals allows humans and bears to coexist peacefully. Learn more about these bears below.

  • Variability – Brown bears come in a large range of sizes because they have such a large geographic range. These bears follow Bergmann’s Rule, where animals increase in size as you move farther north in latitude. Scientists believe this is because greater mass allows animals to survive harsher climates.
  • Powerful Paws – These bears are big, and that means that their paws and claws are big as well. A brown bear’s curved claws can be nearly four inches long! The feet themselves can be a foot and a half long, though the average is closer to one foot. A single swipe with their strong paws can take down a prey item.
  • A Bear’s Bear – The scientific name of this species Ursus arctos literally translates to “bear bear.” Ursus is Latin for “bear” and arctos is Greek for “bear.” It’s possible they wanted to ensure there was no confusion that this animal is, indeed, a bear!
  • Food for Thought – Even though nature documentaries love to show brown bears hunting salmon or feeding on elk, these creatures actually derive much of their diet from plants. In some areas, up to 90% of a bear’s food energy can come from vegetable matter. They will eat berries, grasses, acorns, flowers, mushrooms, and a wide variety of other plants.


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Brown Bear Life Cycle

Brown bear cubs stay with their mother for around 2.5 years.

The brown bear mating season occurs in May to July. During this time females communicate their readiness to mate via scent markings. Males, attracted by the scent, may fight to establish dominance.

The cubs are born in January and February, while the female is denning. There are usually 1 to 3 cubs in a litter (most commonly 2), but litters of 6 cubs have been reported. Brown bear cubs are born blind and hairless. They are completely dependent upon their mother, who provides them with milk for the first five months of their lives.

By spring or early summer, the cubs are ready to accompany their mother on long foraging expeditions. The length of time the cubs stay with their mother varies from region to region. North American brown bear cubs stay with their mothers for around two and a half years. In Scandinavia, brown bear cubs may leave after just a year and a half.

Female brown bears reach sexual maturity at around 4 to 8 years of age. Males need to attain a sufficient size to be able to outcompete other males before they can mate.

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